No Access Submitted: 24 February 2009 Accepted: 07 April 2009 Published Online: 24 April 2009
Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 162906 (2009);
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  • Shujun Zhang
  • Nevin P. Sherlock
  • Richard J. Meyer Jr.
  • Thomas R. Shrout
Domain engineered 001 oriented relaxor-PbTiO3 ferroelectric crystals exhibit high electromechanical properties and low mechanical Q values, analogous to “soft” piezoelectric ceramics. However, their characteristic low dielectric loss (0.5%) and strain-electric field hysteresis are reflective of “hard” piezoelectric materials. In this work, the electromechanical behavior of relaxor-PT crystals was investigated as a function of crystallographic orientations. It was found that the electrical and mechanical losses in crystals depends on the specific engineered domain configuration, with high Q observed for the 110 orientation. The high Q, together with high electromechanical coupling (0.9) for 110 oriented relaxor-PT crystals, make them promising candidates for resonant based high power transducer applications.
This work was supported by the ONR and NIH under Contract No. P41-RR11795. The authors thank to Dr. Jun Luo from TRS Technologies Inc., for offering the relaxor-PT single crystals. The authors also thank Ms. Ru Xia for the sample preparation.
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